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THE HISTORY: Balkan Wars (1912-13)

Meanwhile, the Balkan Wars added themselves to the general climate of belligerency which prevailed in Europe and gave rise to the development of national movements in the Balkans, to the hardening of Turkish policy and to a change in the balance of power in Europe. Alliances were formed between Greece and Serbia, between Serbia and Bulgaria and between Bulgaria and Greece and all these Balkan allies demanded the immediate application of reforms for Christian subjects in Ottoman lands. In reply, Turkey declared war on Serbia and Bulgaria while Greece responded by declaring war on Turkey (1912).

At the end of the Balkan Wars Thessaloniki, Yannina, Samos, Chios and Lesbos became Greek as well as all the land west,of the Evros river, thanks mainly to Greece's powerful fleet. Also, the government had admitted deputies from Crete in the Greek Chamber before the had started.

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